The Caribbean Climate: Understanding the Dry and Wet Seasons

Saint Lucia wet and dry seasons

The Caribbean, renowned for its turquoise waters, and pristine beaches, is a dream destination for many travelers and potential expatriates. However, it’s important to understand the distinct dry and wet seasons that shape the region’s climate. Whether you’re planning a vacation or contemplating a move to the Caribbean, being well-versed in the seasonal patterns can significantly enhance your experience.

The Dry Season:

The dry season, often considered the peak tourist season, typically runs from December to April in most Caribbean countries. This period is characterized by abundant sunshine, warm temperatures, and low humidity levels. The inviting weather makes it an ideal time for sunbathing, water sports, and exploring the diverse landscapes.

As a traveler, it’s essential to pack accordingly during the dry season. Lightweight and breathable clothing, sunscreen, and sunglasses are must-haves. Water activities, such as snorkeling and diving, are at their prime during this season, as underwater visibility is excellent, and the sea conditions are generally calm.

For those contemplating a move to the Caribbean, the dry season offers a pleasant introduction to the region. The comfortable weather provides an opportunity to explore neighborhoods, connect with locals, and get acclimated to the laid-back lifestyle. During this time, water conservation is very important because the main source of fresh water is from the rainfall. If gardening, this is a time you may want to consider shade cloth for some of your plants to help reduce the drying affects of the sun. During Dry season, you will begin to see the arrival of an abundance of mangoes, citrus, golden apples, passion fruit, and papaya during this time among other options.

The Wet Season:

The wet season, also known as the hurricane season, spans from June to November. With Saint Lucia being further south in the Caribbean, hurricanes are more infrequent. Historically, only 14 hurricanes have moved within 60 miles of Saint Lucia since 1850. Of those, only one has been Category 4 and one has been Category 3. That being said the Caribbean experiences higher rainfall, increased humidity, and the possibility of tropical storms or hurricanes during the wet season. While the wet season can be less appealing to some travelers, it also has its advantages.

As a traveler, visiting during the wet season can offer unique experiences. During this time. the landscapes are lush, the flora is vibrant, and there are far fewer crowds. Ticket prices also tend to be quite a bit cheaper during this time. However, it’s crucial to monitor weather forecasts and be prepared for occasional rain showers.

For potential expartiates, understanding the wet season is important for planning and decision-making when considering investing in a home for sale in Saint Lucia. While the risk of hurricanes exists, modern infrastructure and early warning systems in many Caribbean countries help mitigate potential risks. Some expats find the wet season to be a more authentic time where you tend to connect more with the community. This is also a great time to start your gardens seeing there will be plenty of rains to help keep the plants watered, and periodic cloud cover helps limit sun exposure for vulnerable seedlings. During this time you will begin to see an abundance of soursop, breadfruit, avacado, plums, and guava at the markets and with local vendors.

Tips for Travelers and Expatriates:

  • Weather Monitoring: Stay updated on weather forecasts, especially during the wet season. Things change quickly.
  • Packing Essentials: Pack versatile clothing for both sunny and rainy days. Include waterproof gear, such as a lightweight rain jacket and quick-dry clothing, and sneakers to stay comfortable during sudden downpours.
  • Travel Insurance: Invest in comprehensive travel insurance that covers potential disruptions caused by extreme weather events. As mentioned, high impact Hurricanes are rare in Saint Lucia, but still possible.
  • Flexible Travel Plans: Have flexible travel plans, especially if visiting during the wet season. Be prepared to adjust your itinerary based on weather conditions. Storms off the shore can also sometimes cause poor boating/sailing conditions even if the weather will be nice locally so also keep that in mind.
  • Embrace the Local Culture: Use the wet season as an opportunity to delve into local culture, attend festivals, and connect with the community.


In the Tropics, each season has its own appeal similar to the four seasons, and with proper preparation, travelers and expatriates can make the most of their time in either season.

Join The Discussion